JE-VOLUME 03 ISSUE 02 MARCH 2014


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Volume 3 Issue 2, March 2014

Journal of Environment

ISSN

2049-8373

Publication Frequency

6 Issues per year

Pages

19-37

Publication History


Original Articles

Effects of Climate Variability and Change on Household Food Sufficiency among Small-Scale Farmers of Yatta District, Kenya

Benson Kamau Mburu, James Biu Kung’u and John Njagi Muriuki

Pages 19-27


An Assessment of Deforestation Rates in Bekwarra Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria

C.V.O. Eneji, D.A. Ogar, C.B. Essien and G.B. Anthony

Pages 28-37



Title

Effects of Climate Variability and Change on Household Food Sufficiency among Small-Scale Farmers of Yatta District, Kenya

Abstract

The overall objective of this study was to understand the impacts of climate variability and change on the food security of small-scale farmers in Yatta District, Kenya. Study participants, included 510 small-scale farmers were randomly sampled in all the 17 administrative locations while the district departmental heads from the Ministries of Water, Agriculture, and Environment formed the key informants. Participatory Vulnerability Profiles (PVP) approach was employed, focusing on the small-scale farmers’ current vulnerability to climate change. Questionnaires, interviews, Focus Group Discussions (FGDs), stakeholder analyses, field observations, and desk research techniques and tools were used to generate the data. Qualitative and quantitative data analysis techniques were used while the results were presented in tables, figures and charts. Findings of the study indicate that climate variability has negatively affected food availability, food access and food adequacy which leads to food insecurity in Yatta District. Pearson correlation coefficients for annual precipitation Coefficient of Variation (CV) against crop yield for the period 2004 to 2010 revealed negative correlations for maize (r = -0.614), beans (r = -0.579), sorghum (r = -0.328), cow peas (r = -0.568), and pigeon peas (r = -0.221). Recommendations were made for farmers’ awareness and the Ministry of Agriculture to formulate policies to improve the situation about climate change and its effects on food production in Yatta District.

Keywords

Climate Variability and Change, Small-Scale Farming, Food Security


Title

An Assessment of Deforestation Rates in Bekwarra Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria

Abstract

Deforestation has been orchestrated by a number of factors which include agriculture, residential area development, population pressure, harvesting of timber and non timber forest products, food and other forest products. Deforestation has impacted seriously on both human and wildlife; these consequences include loss of biodiversity, specie endangerment and extinction, erosion, landslide, desertification, soil fertility loss and the loss of forest watershed. This study is design to assess deforestation rate in Bekwarra from 1972-2007, the choice of this time span was because at the Nigeria meteorological station at Jos, vegetation data available spans within the period under study. Using satellite imageries from land sat image, classification and cross tabulation was done on images of the area from 1972-2007. Variables used in the study were bare surface, cultivated area, forest, natural vegetation and water bodies. It was discovered that the rate of deforestation in Bekwarra is alarming and has become worrisome in recent times. Recommendations were also made on how to halt this ugly trend.

Keywords

Deforestation, Watershed Destruction, Biodiversity Loss, Specie Disappearance, Fuel Wood Extraction