CJ-VOLUME 05 ISSUE 05 SEPTEMBER 2015


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Volume 5 Issue 5, Septmber 2015 

Chemistry Journal

ISSN

2049-954X

Publication Frequency

6 Issues per year

Pages

80-85

Publication History


Original Articles

Preparation and Evaluation of Fatty-Sawdust as a Natural Biopolym-er for Oil Spill Sorption

Amr S. Ismail

Pages 80-85


Title

Preparation and Evaluation of Fatty-Sawdust as a Natural Biopolymer for Oil Spill Sorption

Abstract

There are great challenges for the separation of oil spills from the environment, especially in marine and coastal areas. Among the recent techniques used for oil spill cleanup, sorption is still the more effective process because it is safe, simple, rapid and low-cost. This paper deals with treatment of oil spills using natural sawdust, the most abundant biodegradable organic material. Therefore, the raw sawdust was esterified by an effective dose of oleic acid for enhancing the surface modification. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic and X-ray diffraction techniques of raw and fatty sawdust were performed. Effect of contact time and particle size of sorbent on the capacity of oil adsorption was investigated. The results show that the high adsorption capacity of fatty sawdust for oil phase is more than raw sawdust as a result of increasing the oleophilicity. Moreover, the fine-sized sawdust has the greatest adsorption capacity than the coarser ones due to increasing the surface area.

Keywords

Oil Spills, Sawdust, Natural Sorbents, Sorption Capacity