JE-VOLUME 01 ISSUE 04 NOVEMBER 2012


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Volume 1 Issue 4, November 2012

Journal of Environment

ISSN

2049-8373

Publication Frequency

6 Issues per year

Pages

111-152

Publication History


Original Articles

Trace Elements in Groundwater of Coastal Aquifers of Pondicherry Region, India

D. Senthil Nathan, R. Manil Kumar, S. Sivamurthy Reddy, M.A. Sivasankaran and R. Ramesh

Pages 111-118


Impacts of Protection on Floral Diversity of Himalayan Moist Temperate Forests of Galyat, Pakistan

Samina Irshad and Salman Khan

Pages 119-125


The Demographic, Socio-Economic and Cultural Factors Influencing Non-Marital Fertility in Makueni District, Kenya

Jackson M. Musau, Leonard M. Kisovi and Warkach K. Tonui

Pages 126-135


Puntius ticto (Hamilton, 1822) of Tripura, India: Reproductive Physiology and Biology

S. Banik and Sibani Saha

Pages 136-141


Noise Pollution in the Tigris River Basin Provinces (Turkey)

Hadice Budak Gümgüm

Pages 142-145


Land Use Land Cover Classification and Change Detection Using High Resolution Temporal Satellite Data

Harshika Kaul and Ingle Sopan

Pages 146-152



Title

Trace Elements in Groundwater of Coastal Aquifers of Pondicherry Region, India

Abstract

Totally forty three representative groundwater samples were collected from various  aquifers of Pondicherry region covering urban, rural and industrial areas and analyzed for trace elements concentration using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. Also, eleven sediment samples at different depths from two bore holes, representing various aquifer systems were collected and analyzed for various minerals using XRD techniques. Concentrations of Arsenic and Iron were higher than the permissible limits of World Health Organisation. The higher concentration of these two trace elements must be due to presence of arsenic and iron bearing minerals and their continuous interaction with pore water. The higher concentration of boron in the coastal ground water of the study area is due to the geological formations of marine origin. The concentration of rest of the elements in almost all samples is less than the permissible levels prescribed by World Health Organization. The complex geological environment present in the study area plays a dominant role on the concentration and spatial distribution of trace metals in ground water. 

Keywords

 India, Groundwater, Pollution, Pondicherry, Trace Elements

Title

Impacts of Protection on Floral Diversity of Himalayan Moist Temperate Forests of Galyat, Pakistan

Abstract

This paper presents impacts of protection on floral diversity of Himalayan moist temperate forest, Galyat region, Pakistan. Two zones were selected for comparative analysis i.e. Ayubia National Park (ANP) as protected zone (Z-I, completely protected from all sorts of human interventions) and Guzara forest as un-protected zone (Z-II, open to all sorts of human interventions). To determine impacts of protection, altitude, slope and aspects (southern and northern) of both zones were kept constant where as deforestation was taken as the only variable. Significant differences in vegetation covers (occurrence, abundance and distribution) of both zones were observed. Biomass of Z-I recorded was 331084 kg/hectare and 280480 kg/hectare from Z-II. The study concludes that protection has significant influence on vegetation cover of Galyat.

Keywords

Floral Diversity, Moist Temperate Forests, Galyat, Pakistan

  

Title

The Demographic, Socio-Economic and Cultural Factors Influencing Non-Marital Fertility in Makueni District, Kenya

Abstract

Fertility has been and is a major determinant of population growth in Kenya. The country has witnessed increasing levels of non-marital fertility. The rates are high for the unmarried women. Hence study was designed to investigate the factors influencing non-marital fertility in Makueni District of Kenya. A rural-peri-urban appraisal survey design was adopted targeting women aged between 15 to 49 years who had non-marital births. A total of 120 women from the study areas were sampled. The primary data on the demographic, socio-economic and cultural factors that influenced non-marital fertility in the district were collected. Various factors like age, family background, education, occupation etc. were focussed during carrying out this study. The findings of this study are important for the policy makers and administrators namely; the ministry of planning, ministry of health and the individuals with non-marital births. From the study findings it was recommended that the government will have to come forward to stop this abuse in society.

Keywords

Non-Marital Fertility, Age Specific Fertility Rate, Multiple Fertility, Total Fertility Rate, Makueni, Kenya 

  

Title

Puntius ticto (Hamilton, 1822) of Tripura, India: Reproductive Physiology and Biology

Abstract

Puntius ticto is a popular fish species to the consumers of North-India, Eastern India and North-East India as well. This species supports gorgeous morphological features. For this reason it looks eye-catching. An undulating feature of the fins during swimming motion made this species very much nice-looking. Due to this behaviour its use as ornamental fish is largely accepted in Asia. In conservation view point knowledge of reproductive physiology as well as feeding biology is important. Amongst different parameters of reproductive physiology some of the important factors studied so far are development of gonads in relation to length and weight, gonado-somatic index, maturity stages in relation to age, fecundity and breeding periodicity etc. Of the feeding biology, studies are being done on analysis of different digestive enzymes during adult stage, growth and development related to age, RLG, assessment of condition factor (K) etc.

Keywords

Gonado-Somatic Index, Maturity Stages, Sex Ratio, Pepsin, Alpha-Amylase

  

Title

Noise Pollution in the Tigris River Basin Provinces (Turkey)

Abstract

Environmental pollution and specially noise pollution continue to be one of the most important problems for mankind. The scientific and technological progress, urbanization and increasing population lead to environmental noise pollution. As an unexpected result, it has been identified that the noise pollution exist to a large extent in the Tigris River basin provinces (Turkey) including the city of Diyarbakir in the first place, and that it is above tolerable limits (65-70 dB). Our measurements performed at different times between the dates 15 September 2011 to 15 November 2011, on the avenues and junctions that were appropriate to the definition of the area of dwelling in the investigated cities. Maximum noise levels were observed between mornings (7.00-900) and evenings (16.30-18.30) and the result for Diyarbakir city centre was observed up to 88 dB.

Keywords

Noise Pollution, Sound Level, Tigris River Basin, Traffic

  

Title

Land Use Land Cover Classification and Change Detection Using High Resolution Temporal Satellite Data

Abstract

Land use and land cover change has become a central component in current strategies for managing natural resources and monitoring environmental changes. To maintain the present natural resources and to understand the causes and consequences of over exploitation of soil and water resources the land use, a land cover mapping and monitoring was done in the study area i.e. Jalgaon District.  In this study, satellite images for March and November 2007 were used for LULC (Land Use/ Land Cover) Supervised classification. For the classification purposes, seven LULC classes were decided. For Accuracy Assessment Classification error matrix and KAPPA analysis was done. Change Detection between both the images for all the land use and land cover classes were computed. The most extensive land cover category of the District in November is agricultural land i.e. 49.43%. The second most extensive land cover category is barren land, 28.31% in March. Saline area shows significant difference in both seasons. The major change (+ 9.02%) identified, in the study, was in Agricultural area from pre-monsoon to post-monsoon season. The overall accuracy of classification methodology is 89% and 91.02% and Kappa statistics is 0.86 and 0.88 respectively for the March and November images.

Keywords

Land Use, Land Cover, Supervised Classification, Change Detection, Accuracy Assessment